Hypertext Webster Gateway: "money"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

Of uncoined money the first notice we have is in the history of
Abraham (Gen. 13:2; 20:16; 24:35). Next, this word is used in
connection with the purchase of the cave of Machpelah (23:16),
and again in connection with Jacob's purchase of a field at
Shalem (Gen. 33:18, 19) for "an hundred pieces of money"=an
hundred Hebrew kesitahs (q.v.), i.e., probably pieces of money,
as is supposed, bearing the figure of a lamb.

The history of Joseph affords evidence of the constant use of
money, silver of a fixed weight. This appears also in all the
subsequent history of the Jewish people, in all their internal
as well as foreign transactions. There were in common use in
trade silver pieces of a definite weight, shekels, half-shekels,
and quarter-shekels. But these were not properly coins, which
are pieces of metal authoritatively issued, and bearing a stamp.

Of the use of coined money we have no early notice among the
Hebrews. The first mentioned is of Persian coinage, the daric
(Ezra 2:69; Neh. 7:70) and the 'adarkon (Ezra 8:27). The daric
(q.v.) was a gold piece current in Palestine in the time of
Cyrus. As long as the Jews, after the Exile, lived under Persian
rule, they used Persian coins. These gave place to Greek coins
when Palestine came under the dominion of the Greeks (B.C. 331),
the coins consisting of gold, silver, and copper pieces. The
usual gold pieces were staters (q.v.), and the silver coins
tetradrachms and drachms.

In the year B.C. 140, Antiochus VII. gave permission to Simon
the Maccabee to coin Jewish money. Shekels (q.v.) were then
coined bearing the figure of the almond rod and the pot of

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Money \Mon"ey\, n.; pl. {Moneys}. [OE. moneie, OF. moneie, F.
monnaie, fr. L. moneta. See {Mint} place where coin is made,
{Mind}, and cf. {Moidore}, {Monetary}.]
1. A piece of metal, as gold, silver, copper, etc., coined,
or stamped, and issued by the sovereign authority as a
medium of exchange in financial transactions between
citizens and with government; also, any number of such
pieces; coin.

To prevent such abuses, . . . it has been found
necessary . . . to affix a public stamp upon certain
quantities of such particular metals, as were in
those countries commonly made use of to purchase
goods. Hence the origin of coined money, and of
those public offices called mints. --A. Smith.

2. Any written or stamped promise, certificate, or order, as
a government note, a bank note, a certificate of deposit,
etc., which is payable in standard coined money and is
lawfully current in lieu of it; in a comprehensive sense,
any currency usually and lawfully employed in buying and

Note: Whatever, among barbarous nations, is used as a medium
of effecting exchanges of property, and in the terms of
which values are reckoned, as sheep, wampum, copper
rings, quills of salt or of gold dust, shovel blades,
etc., is, in common language, called their money.

3. In general, wealth; property; as, he has much money in
land, or in stocks; to make, or lose, money.

The love of money is a root of all kinds of evil.
--1 Tim vi. 10
(Rev. Ver. ).

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Money \Mon"ey\, v. t.
To supply with money. [Obs.]

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Maundy coins \Maundy coins\ or money \money\ .
Silver coins or money of the nominal value of 1d., 2d., 3d.,
and 4d., struck annually for the Maundy alms.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

{To turn one's coat}, to change one's uniform or colors; to
go over to the opposite party.

{To turn one's goods} or {money}, and the like, to exchange
in the course of trade; to keep in lively exchange or
circulation; to gain or increase in trade.

{To turn one's hand to}, to adapt or apply one's self to; to
engage in.

{To turn out}.
(a) To drive out; to expel; as, to turn a family out of
doors; to turn a man out of office.

I'll turn you out of my kingdom. -- Shak.
(b) to put to pasture, as cattle or horses.
(c) To produce, as the result of labor, or any process of
manufacture; to furnish in a completed state.
(d) To reverse, as a pocket, bag, etc., so as to bring the
inside to the outside; hence, to produce.
(e) To cause to cease, or to put out, by turning a
stopcock, valve, or the like; as, to turn out the

{To turn over}.
(a) To change or reverse the position of; to overset; to
overturn; to cause to roll over.
(b) To transfer; as, to turn over business to another
(c) To read or examine, as a book, while, turning the
leaves. ``We turned o'er many books together.''
(d) To handle in business; to do business to the amount
of; as, he turns over millions a year. [Colloq.]

{To turn over a new leaf}. See under {Leaf}.

{To turn tail}, to run away; to retreat ignominiously.

{To turn the back}, to flee; to retreat.

{To turn the back on} or

{upon}, to treat with contempt; to reject or refuse

{To turn the corner}, to pass the critical stage; to get by
the worst point; hence, to begin to improve, or to

{To turn the die} or {dice}, to change fortune.

{To turn the edge} or {point of}, to bend over the edge or
point of so as to make dull; to blunt.

{To turn the head} or {brain of}, to make giddy, wild,
insane, or the like; to infatuate; to overthrow the reason
or judgment of; as, a little success turned his head.

{To turn the scale} or {balance}, to change the
preponderance; to decide or determine something doubtful.

{To turn the stomach of}, to nauseate; to sicken.

{To turn the tables}, to reverse the chances or conditions of
success or superiority; to give the advantage to the
person or side previously at a disadvantage.

{To turn tippet}, to make a change. [Obs.] --B. Jonson.

{To turn to} {profit, advantage}, etc., to make profitable or

{To turn up}.
(a) To turn so as to bring the bottom side on top; as, to
turn up the trump.
(b) To bring from beneath to the surface, as in plowing,
digging, etc.
(c) To give an upward curve to; to tilt; as, to turn up
the nose.

{To turn upon}, to retort; to throw back; as, to turn the
arguments of an opponent upon himself.

{To turn upside down}, to confuse by putting things awry; to
throw into disorder.

This house is turned upside down since Robin Ostler
died. --Shak.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: the most common medium of exchange; functions as legal
tender; "we tried to collect the money he owed us"
2: wealth reckoned in terms of money: "all his money is in real
3: the official currency issued by a government or national
bank; "he changed his money into francs"

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