Hypertext Webster Gateway: "ill"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

7. To proceed by a mental operation; to pass in mind or by an
act of the memory or imagination; -- generally with over
or through.

By going over all these particulars, you may receive
some tolerable satisfaction about this great
subject. --South.

8. To be with young; to be pregnant; to gestate.

The fruit she goes with, I pray for heartily, that
it may find Good time, and live. --Shak.

9. To move from the person speaking, or from the point whence
the action is contemplated; to pass away; to leave; to
depart; -- in opposition to stay and come.

I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the Lord
your God; . . . only ye shall not go very far away.
--Ex. viii.

10. To pass away; to depart forever; to be lost or ruined; to
perish; to decline; to decease; to die.

By Saint George, he's gone! That spear wound hath
our master sped. --Sir W.

11. To reach; to extend; to lead; as, a line goes across the
street; his land goes to the river; this road goes to New

His amorous expressions go no further than virtue
may allow. --Dryden.

12. To have recourse; to resort; as, to go to law.

Note: Go is used, in combination with many prepositions and
adverbs, to denote motion of the kind indicated by the
preposition or adverb, in which, and not in the verb,
lies the principal force of the expression; as, to go
against to go into, to go out, to go aside, to go
astray, etc.

{Go to}, come; move; go away; -- a phrase of exclamation,
serious or ironical.

{To go a-begging}, not to be in demand; to be undesired.

{To go about}.
(a) To set about; to enter upon a scheme of action; to
undertake. ``They went about to slay him.'' --Acts
ix. 29.

They never go about . . . to hide or palliate
their vices. --Swift.
(b) (Naut.) To tack; to turn the head of a ship; to wear.

{To go abraod}.
(a) To go to a foreign country.
(b) To go out of doors.
(c) To become public; to be published or disclosed; to be

Then went this saying abroad among the
brethren. --John xxi.

{To go against}.
(a) To march against; to attack.
(b) To be in opposition to; to be disagreeable to.

{To go ahead}.
(a) To go in advance.
(b) To go on; to make progress; to proceed.

{To go and come}. See {To come and go}, under {Come}.

{To go aside}.
(a) To withdraw; to retire.

He . . . went aside privately into a desert
place. --Luke. ix.
(b) To go from what is right; to err. --Num. v. 29.

{To go back on}.
(a) To retrace (one's path or footsteps).
(b) To abandon; to turn against; to betray. [Slang, U.

{To go below}
(Naut), to go below deck.

{To go between}, to interpose or mediate between; to be a
secret agent between parties; in a bad sense, to pander.

{To go beyond}. See under {Beyond}.

{To go by}, to pass away unnoticed; to omit.

{To go by the board} (Naut.), to fall or be carried
overboard; as, the mast went by the board.

{To go down}.
(a) To descend.
(b) To go below the horizon; as, the sun has gone down.
(c) To sink; to founder; -- said of ships, etc.
(d) To be swallowed; -- used literally or figuratively.

Nothing so ridiculous, . . . but it goes down
whole with him for truth. --L' Estrange.

{To go far}.
(a) To go to a distance.
(b) To have much weight or influence.

{To go for}.
(a) To go in quest of.
(b) To represent; to pass for.
(c) To favor; to advocate.
(d) To attack; to assault. [Low]
(e) To sell for; to be parted with for (a price).

{To go for nothing}, to be parted with for no compensation or
result; to have no value, efficacy, or influence; to count
for nothing.

{To go forth}.
(a) To depart from a place.
(b) To be divulged or made generally known; to emanate.

The law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of
the Lord from Jerusalem. --Micah iv. 2.

{To go hard with}, to trouble, pain, or endanger.

{To go in}, to engage in; to take part. [Colloq.]

{To go in and out}, to do the business of life; to live; to
have free access. --John x. 9.

{To go in for}. [Colloq.]
(a) To go for; to favor or advocate (a candidate, a
measure, etc.).
(b) To seek to acquire or attain to (wealth, honor,
preferment, etc.)
(c) To complete for (a reward, election, etc.).
(d) To make the object of one's labors, studies, etc.

He was as ready to go in for statistics as for
anything else. --Dickens.

{To go in to} or {unto}.
(a) To enter the presence of. --Esther iv. 16.
(b) To have sexual intercourse with. [Script.]

{To go into}.
(a) To speak of, investigate, or discuss (a question,
subject, etc.).
(b) To participate in (a war, a business, etc.).

{To go large}.
(Naut) See under {Large}.

{To go off}.
(a) To go away; to depart.

The leaders . . . will not go off until they
hear you. --Shak.
(b) To cease; to intermit; as, this sickness went off.
(c) To die. --Shak.
(d) To explode or be discharged; -- said of gunpowder, of
a gun, a mine, etc.
(e) To find a purchaser; to be sold or disposed of.
(f) To pass off; to take place; to be accomplished.

The wedding went off much as such affairs do.

{To go on}.
(a) To proceed; to advance further; to continue; as, to
go on reading.
(b) To be put or drawn on; to fit over; as, the coat will
not go on.

{To go all fours}, to correspond exactly, point for point.

It is not easy to make a simile go on all fours.

{To go out}.
(a) To issue forth from a place.
(b) To go abroad; to make an excursion or expedition.

There are other men fitter to go out than I.

What went ye out for to see ? --Matt. xi. 7,
8, 9.
(c) To become diffused, divulged, or spread abroad, as
news, fame etc.
(d) To expire; to die; to cease; to come to an end; as,
the light has gone out.

Life itself goes out at thy displeasure.

{To go over}.
(a) To traverse; to cross, as a river, boundary, etc.; to
change sides.

I must not go over Jordan. --Deut. iv.

Let me go over, and see the good land that is
beyond Jordan. --Deut. iii.

Ishmael . . . departed to go over to the
Ammonites. --Jer. xli.
(b) To read, or study; to examine; to review; as, to go
over one's accounts.

If we go over the laws of Christianity, we
shall find that . . . they enjoin the same
thing. --Tillotson.
(c) To transcend; to surpass.
(d) To be postponed; as, the bill went over for the
(e) (Chem.) To be converted (into a specified substance
or material); as, monoclinic sulphur goes over into
orthorhombic, by standing; sucrose goes over into
dextrose and levulose.

{To go through}.
(a) To accomplish; as, to go through a work.
(b) To suffer; to endure to the end; as, to go through a
surgical operation or a tedious illness.
(c) To spend completely; to exhaust, as a fortune.
(d) To strip or despoil (one) of his property. [Slang]
(e) To botch or bungle a business. [Scot.]

{To go through with}, to perform, as a calculation, to the
end; to complete.

{To go to ground}.
(a) To escape into a hole; -- said of a hunted fox.
(b) To fall in battle.

{To go to naught} (Colloq.), to prove abortive, or

{To go under}.
(a) To set; -- said of the sun.
(b) To be known or recognized by (a name, title, etc.).
(c) To be overwhelmed, submerged, or defeated; to perish;
to succumb.

{To go up}, to come to nothing; to prove abortive; to fail.

{To go upon}, to act upon, as a foundation or hypothesis.

{To go with}.
(a) To accompany.
(b) To coincide or agree with.
(c) To suit; to harmonize with.

{To go} (


{ill}, or


{with}, to affect (one) in such manner.

{To go without}, to be, or to remain, destitute of.

{To go wrong}.
(a) To take a wrong road or direction; to wander or
(b) To depart from virtue.
(c) To happen unfortunately.
(d) To miss success.

{To let go}, to allow to depart; to quit one's hold; to

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Ill \Ill\, a. [The regular comparative and superlative are
wanting, their places being supplied by worseand worst, from
another root.] [OE. ill, ille, Icel. illr; akin to Sw. illa,
adv., Dan. ilde, adv.]
1. Contrary to good, in a physical sense; contrary or opposed
to advantage, happiness, etc.; bad; evil; unfortunate;
disagreeable; unfavorable.

Neither is it ill air only that maketh an ill seat,
but ill ways, ill markets, and ill neighbors.

There 's some ill planet reigns. --Shak.

2. Contrary to good, in a moral sense; evil; wicked; wrong;
iniquitious; naughtly; bad; improper.

Of his own body he was ill, and gave The clergy ill
example. --Shak.

3. Sick; indisposed; unwell; diseased; disordered; as, ill of
a fever.

I am in health, I breathe, and see thee ill. --Shak.

4. Not according with rule, fitness, or propriety; incorrect;
rude; unpolished; inelegant.

That 's an ill phrase. --Shak.

{Ill at ease}, uneasy; uncomfortable; anxious. ``I am very
ill at ease.'' --Shak.

{Ill blood}, enmity; resentment.

{Ill breeding}, want of good breeding; rudeness.

{Ill fame}, ill or bad repute; as, a house of ill fame, a
house where lewd persons meet for illicit intercourse.

{Ill humor}, a disagreeable mood; bad temper.

{Ill nature}, bad disposition or temperament; sullenness;
esp., a disposition to cause unhappiness to others.

{Ill temper}, anger; moroseness; crossness.

{Ill turn}.
(a) An unkind act.
(b) A slight attack of illness. [Colloq. U.S.]

{Ill will}, unkindness; enmity; malevolence.

Syn: Bad; evil; wrong; wicked; sick; unwell.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Ill \Ill\, n.
1. Whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success;
evil of any kind; misfortune; calamity; disease; pain; as,
the ills of humanity.

Who can all sense of others' ills escape Is but a
brute at best in human shape. --Tate.

That makes us rather bear those ills we have Than
fly to others that we know not of. --Shak.

2. Whatever is contrary to good, in a moral sense;
wickedness; depravity; iniquity; wrong; evil.

Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still,
Exerts itself, and then throws off the ill.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Ill \Ill\, adv.
In a ill manner; badly; weakly.

How ill this taper burns! --Shak.

Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, Where
wealth accumulates and men decay. --Goldsmith.

Note: Ill, like above, well, and so, is used before many
participal adjectives, in its usual adverbal sense.
When the two words are used as an epithet preceding the
noun qualified they are commonly hyphened; in other
cases they are written separatively; as, an
ill-educated man; he was ill educated; an ill-formed
plan; the plan, however ill formed, was acceptable. Ao,
also, the following: ill-affected or ill affected,
ill-arranged or ill arranged, ill-assorted or ill
assorted, ill-boding or ill boding, ill-bred or ill
bred, ill-conditioned, ill-conducted, ill-considered,
ill-devised, ill-disposed, ill-doing, ill-fairing,
ill-fated, ill-favored, ill-featured, ill-formed,
ill-gotten, ill-imagined, ill-judged, ill-looking,
ill-mannered, ill-matched, ill-meaning, ill-minded,
ill-natured, ill-omened, ill-proportioned,
ill-provided, ill-required, ill-sorted, ill-starred,
ill-tempered, ill-timed, ill-trained, ill-used, and the

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: not in good physical or mental health; "ill from the
monotony of his suffering" [syn: {sick}] [ant: {well}]
2: resulting in suffering or adversity; "ill effects"; "it's an
ill wind that blows no good"
3: distressing; "ill manners"; "of ill repute"
4: indicating hostility or enmity; "you certainly did me an ill
turn"; "ill feelings"; "ill will"
5: presaging ill-fortune; "ill omens"; "ill predictions"; "my
words with inauspicious thunderings shook heaven"-
P.B.Shelley;"a dead and ominous silence prevailed"; "a
by-election at a time highly unpropitious for the
Government" [syn: {inauspicious}, {ominous}]
n : an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for
complaining [syn: {ailment}, {complaint}]
adv 1: (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or
improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well; "he was
ill prepared"; "it ill befits a man to betray old
friends"; "the car runs badly"; "he performed badly on
the exam"; "the team played poorly"; "ill-fitting
clothes"; "an ill-conceived plan" [syn: {badly}, {poorly}]
[ant: {well}]
2: unfavorably or with disapproval; "tried not to speak ill of
the dead"; "thought badly of him for his lack of concern"
[syn: {badly}] [ant: {well}]
3: with difficulty or inconvenience; scarcely or hardly; "we
can ill afford to buy a new car just now"

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