Hypertext Webster Gateway: "heavy"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Lie \Lie\, v. i. [imp. {Lay} (l[=a]); p. p. {Lain} (l[=a]n),
({Lien} (l[imac]"[e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lying}.]
[OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen,
licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth.
ligan, Russ. lejate, L. lectus bed, Gr. le`chos bed,
le`xasqai to lie. Cf. {Lair}, {Law}, {Lay}, v. t., {Litter},
{Low}, adj.]
1. To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to
be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or
nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often
with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the
book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies
in his coffin.

The watchful traveler . . . Lay down again, and
closed his weary eyes. --Dryden.

2. To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland
lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the
ship lay in port.

3. To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in
a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie
fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie
under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves;
the paper does not lie smooth on the wall.

4. To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding
place; to consist; -- with in.

Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though
unequal in circumstances. --Collier.

He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard
labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of
huntsmen. --Locke.

5. To lodge; to sleep.

Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . .
. where I lay one night only. --Evelyn.

Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. --Dickens.

6. To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest.

The wind is loud and will not lie. --Shak.

7. (Law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being
maintained. ``An appeal lies in this case.'' --Parsons.

Note: Through ignorance or carelessness speakers and writers
often confuse the forms of the two distinct verbs lay
and lie. Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its
preterit laid; as, he told me to lay it down, and I
laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its
preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay
down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the
preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid
down. So persons often say incorrectly, the ship laid
at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book was
laying on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to
remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit
of lay, and not of lie.

{To lie along the shore} (Naut.), to coast, keeping land in

{To lie at the door of}, to be imputable to; as, the sin,
blame, etc., lies at your door.

{To lie at the heart}, to be an object of affection, desire,
or anxiety. --Sir W. Temple.

{To lie at the mercy of}, to be in the power of.

{To lie by}.
(a) To remain with; to be at hand; as, he has the
manuscript lying by him.
(b) To rest; to intermit labor; as, we lay by during the
heat of the day.

{To lie hard} or {heavy}, to press or weigh; to bear hard.

{To lie in}, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.

{To lie in one}, to be in the power of; to belong to. ``As
much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.''
--Rom. xii. 18.

{To lie in the way}, to be an obstacle or impediment.

{To lie in wait}, to wait in concealment; to lie in ambush.

{To lie on} or {upon}.
(a) To depend on; as, his life lies on the result.
(b) To bear, rest, press, or weigh on.

{To lie low}, to remain in concealment or inactive. [Slang]

{To lie on hand},

{To lie on one's hands}, to remain unsold or unused; as, the
goods are still lying on his hands; they have too much
time lying on their hands.

{To lie on the head of}, to be imputed to.

What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it
lie on my head. --Shak.

{To lie over}.
(a) To remain unpaid after the time when payment is due,
as a note in bank.
(b) To be deferred to some future occasion, as a
resolution in a public deliberative body.

{To lie to} (Naut.), to stop or delay; especially, to head as
near the wind as possible as being the position of
greatest safety in a gale; -- said of a ship. Cf. {To
bring to}, under {Bring}.

{To lie under}, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed

{To lie with}.
(a) To lodge or sleep with.
(b) To have sexual intercourse with.
(c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to make amends.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Heavy \Heav"y\, a.
Having the heaves.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Heavy \Heav"y\, a. [Compar. {Heavier}; superl. {Heaviest}.] [OE.
hevi, AS. hefig, fr. hebban to lift, heave; akin to OHG.
hebig, hevig, Icel. h["o]figr, h["o]fugr. See {Heave}.]
1. Heaved or lifted with labor; not light; weighty;
ponderous; as, a heavy stone; hence, sometimes, large in
extent, quantity, or effects; as, a heavy fall of rain or
snow; a heavy failure; heavy business transactions, etc.;
often implying strength; as, a heavy barrier; also,
difficult to move; as, a heavy draught.

2. Not easy to bear; burdensome; oppressive; hard to endure
or accomplish; hence, grievous, afflictive; as, heavy
yokes, expenses, undertakings, trials, news, etc.

The hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod.
--1 Sam. v. 6.

The king himself hath a heavy reckoning to make.

Sent hither to impart the heavy news. --Wordsworth.

Trust him not in matter of heavy consequence.

3. Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened;
bowed down, either with an actual burden, or with care,
grief, pain, disappointment.

The heavy [sorrowing] nobles all in council were.

A light wife doth make a heavy husband. --Shak.

4. Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate,
stupid; as, a heavy gait, looks, manners, style, and the
like; a heavy writer or book.

Whilst the heavy plowman snores. --Shak.

Of a heavy, dull, degenerate mind. --Dryden.

Neither [is] his ear heavy, that it can not hear.
--Is. lix. 1.

5. Strong; violent; forcible; as, a heavy sea, storm,
cannonade, and the like.

6. Loud; deep; -- said of sound; as, heavy thunder.

But, hark! that heavy sound breaks in once more.

7. Dark with clouds, or ready to rain; gloomy; -- said of the

8. Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey; -- said of earth; as, a
heavy road, soil, and the like.

9. Not raised or made light; as, heavy bread.

10. Not agreeable to, or suitable for, the stomach; not
easily digested; -- said of food.

11. Having much body or strength; -- said of wines, or other

12. With child; pregnant. [R.]

{Heavy artillery}. (Mil.)
(a) Guns of great weight or large caliber, esp. siege,
garrison, and seacoast guns.
(b) Troops which serve heavy guns.

{Heavy cavalry}. See under {Cavalry}.

{Heavy fire} (Mil.), a continuous or destructive cannonading,
or discharge of small arms.

{Heavy metal} (Mil.), large guns carrying balls of a large
size; also, large balls for such guns.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Heavy \Heav"y\, adv.
Heavily; -- sometimes used in composition; as, heavy-laden.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Heavy \Heav"y\, v. t.
To make heavy. [Obs.] --Wyclif.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: of comparatively great physical weight or density; "a heavy
load"; "lead is a heavy metal"; "heavy mahogony
furniture" [ant: {light}]
2: unusually great in degree or quantity or number; "heavy
taxes"; "a heavy fine"; "heavy casualties"; "heavy
losses"; "heavy rain"; "heavy traffic" [ant: {light}]
3: of the military or industry; using (or being) the heaviest
and most powerful armaments or weapons or equipment;
"heavy artillery"; "heavy infantry"; "a heavy cruiser";
"heavy guns"; "heavy industry involves large-scale
production of basic products (such as steel) used by other
industries" [ant: {light}]
4: having or suggesting a viscous consistency; "heavy cream"
5: wide from side to side; "a heavy black mark" [syn: {thick}]
6: marked by great psychological weight; weighted down
especially with sadness or troubles or weariness; "a heavy
heart"; "a heavy schedule"; "heavy news"; "a heavy
silence"; "heavy eyelids" [ant: {light}]
7: usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large
frame to carry it [syn: {fleshy}, {overweight}]
8: (used of soil) compact and fine-grained; "the clayey soil
was heavy and easily saturated" [syn: {clayey}, {cloggy}]
9: darkened by clouds; "a heavy sky" [syn: {lowering}, {sullen},
10: of great intensity or power or force; "a heavy blow"; "the
fighting was heavy"; "heavy seas" [ant: {light}]
11: (physics, chemistry) being or containing an isotope with
greater than average atomic mass or weight; "heavy
hydrogen"; "heavy water" [ant: {light}]
12: (of an actor or role) being or playing the villain; "Iago is
the heavy role in `Othello'"
13: permitting little if any light to pass through because of
denseness of matter; "dense smoke"; "heavy fog";
"impenetrable gloom" [syn: {dense}, {impenetrable}]
14: made of fabric having considerable thickness; "a heavy coat"
15: of a drinker or drinking; indulging intemperately; "does a
lot of hard drinking"; "a heavy drinker" [syn: {hard(a)}]
16: prodigious; "big spender"; "big eater"; "heavy investor"
[syn: {big(a)}, {heavy(a)}]
17: used of syllables [syn: {accented}, {strong}]
18: full and loud and deep; "heavy sounds"; "a herald chosen for
his sonorous voice" [syn: {sonorous}]
19: of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious
thought; "grave responsibilities"; "faced a grave
decision in a time of crisis"; "a grievous fault"; "heavy
matters of state"; "the weighty matters to be discussed
at the peace conference" [syn: {grave}, {grievous}, {weighty}]
20: slow and laborious because of weight; "the heavy tread of
tired troops"; "moved with a lumbering sag-bellied trot";
"ponderous prehistoric beasts"; "a ponderous yawn" [syn:
{lumbering}, {ponderous}]
21: large and powerful; especially designed for heavy loads or
rough work; "a heavy truck"; "heavy machinery"
22: dense or inadequately leavened and hence likely to cause
distress in the alimentary canal; "a heavy pudding"
23: sharply inclined; "a heavy grade"
24: full of; bearing great weight; "trees heavy with fruit";
"vines weighed down with grapes" [syn: {weighed down}]
25: requiring or showing effort; "heavy breathing"; "the subject
made for labored reading" [syn: {labored}, {laboured}]
26: characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion;
especially physical effort; "worked their arduous way up
the mining valley"; "a grueling campaign"; "hard labor";
"heavy work"; "heavy going"; "spent many laborious hours
on the project"; "set a punishing pace" [syn: {arduous},
{backbreaking}, {grueling}, {gruelling}, {hard}, {laborious},
{labourious}, {punishing}, {toilsome}]
27: lacking lightness or liveliness; "heavy humor"; "a leaden
conversation" [syn: {leaden}]
28: (of sleep) deep and complete; "a heavy sleep"; "fell into a
profound sleep"; "a sound sleeper"; "deep wakeless sleep"
[syn: {profound}, {sound}, {wakeless}]
29: in an advanced stage of pregnancy; "was big with child";
"was great with child" [syn: {big(p)}, {enceinte}, {expectant},
{gravid}, {great(p)}, {large(p)}, {heavy(p)}, {with
n 1: an actor who plays villainous roles
2: a serious (or tragic) role in a play
adv : slowly as if burdened by much weight; "time hung heavy on
their hands" [syn: {heavily}]

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