Hypertext Webster Gateway: "gum"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Kauri resin \Kauri resin\, gum \gum\, or copal \copal\
A resinous product of the kauri, found in the form of yellow
or brown lumps in the ground where the trees have grown. It
is used for making varnish, and as a substitute for amber.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Gum \Gum\, n. [OE. gome, AS. gama palate; akin Co G. gaumen,
OHG. goumo, guomo, Icel. g?mr, Sw. gom; cf. Gr. ? to gape.]
The dense tissues which invest the teeth, and cover the
adjacent parts of the jaws.

{Gum rash} (Med.), strophulus in a teething child; red gum.

{Gum stick}, a smooth hard substance for children to bite
upon while teething.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Gum \Gum\, v. t. [imp. &. p. {Gummed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
To smear with gum; to close with gum; to unite or stiffen by
gum or a gumlike substance; to make sticky with a gumlike

He frets likke a gummed velvet.Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Gum \Gum\, v. i.
To exude or from gum; to become gummy.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Gum \Gum\, v. t.
To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn
saw). See {Gummer}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Gum \Gum\, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis,
fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It.
1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens
when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic;
gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with
less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water;
as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins.

2. (Bot.) See {Gum tree}, {below}.

3. A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any
roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow
log. [Southern U. S.]

4. A rubber overshoe. [Local, U. S.]

{Black gum}, {Blue gum}, {British gum}, etc. See under
{Black}, {Blue}, etc.

{Gum Acaroidea}, the resinous gum of the Australian grass
tree ({Xanlhorrh[oe]a}).

{Gum animal} (Zo["o]l.), the galago of West Africa; -- so
called because it feeds on gums. See {Galago}.

{Gum animi or anim['e]}. See {Anim['e]}.

{Gum arabic}, a gum yielded mostly by several species of
{Acacia} (chiefly {A. vera} and {A. Arabica}) growing in
Africa and Southern Asia; -- called also {gum acacia}.
East Indian gum arabic comes from a tree of the Orange
family which bears the elephant apple.

{Gum butea}, a gum yielded by the Indian plants {Butea
frondosa} and {B. superba}, and used locally in tanning
and in precipitating indigo.

{Gum cistus}, a plant of the genus {Cistus} ({Cistus
ladaniferus}), a species of rock rose.

{Gum dragon}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum elastic}, {Elastic gum}. See {Caoutchouc}.

{Gum elemi}. See {Elemi}.

{Gum juniper}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum kino}. See under {Kino}.

{Gum lac}. See {Lac}.

{Gum Ladanum}, a fragrant gum yielded by several Oriental
species of Cistus or rock rose.

{Gum passages}, sap receptacles extending through the
parenchyma of certain plants ({Amygdalace[ae]},
{Cactace[ae]}, etc.), and affording passage for gum.

{Gum pot}, a varnish maker's utensil for melting gum and
mixing other ingredients.

{Gum resin}, the milky juice of a plant solidified by
exposure to air; one of certain inspissated saps, mixtures
of, or having properties of, gum and resin; a resin
containing more or less mucilaginous and gummy matter.

{Gum sandarac}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum Senegal}, a gum similar to gum arabic, yielded by trees
({Acacia Verek} and {A. Adansoni["a]}) growing in the
Senegal country, West Africa.

{Gum tragacanth}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum tree}, the name given to several trees in America and
(a) The black gum ({Nyssa multiflora}), one of the largest
trees of the Southern States, bearing a small blue
fruit, the favorite food of the opossum. Most of the
large trees become hollow.
(b) A tree of the genus {Eucalyptus.} See {Eucalpytus.}
(c) The sweet gum tree of the United States ({Liquidambar
styraciflua}), a large and beautiful tree with
pointedly lobed leaves and woody burlike fruit. It
exudes an aromatic terebinthine juice.

{Gum water}, a solution of gum, esp. of gum arabic, in water.

{Gum wood}, the wood of any gum tree, esp. the wood of the
{Eucalyptus piperita}, of New South Wales.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing
[syn: {chewing gum}]
2: the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that
surrounds the bases of the teeth [syn: {gingiva}]
3: any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from
certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden
on drying
4: cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an
adhesive [syn: {glue}, {mucilage}]
5: wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the
sweet gum [syn: {gumwood}]
6: any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar
or Nyssa that are sources of gum [syn: {gum tree}]
v 1: grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great
difficulty; of babies and old people [syn: {mumble}]
2: exude or from gum; of certain trees

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