Hypertext Webster Gateway: "division"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Division \Di*vi"sion\, n. [F. division, L. divisio, from
dividere. See {Divide}.]
1. The act or process of diving anything into parts, or the
state of being so divided; separation.

I was overlooked in the division of the spoil.

2. That which divides or keeps apart; a partition.

3. The portion separated by the divining of a mass or body; a
distinct segment or section.

Communities and divisions of men. --Addison.

4. Disunion; difference in opinion or feeling; discord;
variance; alienation.

There was a division among the people. --John vii.

5. Difference of condition; state of distinction;
distinction; contrast. --Chaucer.

I will put a division between my people and thy
people. --Ex. viii.

6. Separation of the members of a deliberative body, esp. of
the Houses of Parliament, to ascertain the vote.

The motion passed without a division. --Macaulay.

7. (Math.) The process of finding how many times one number
or quantity is contained in another; the reverse of
multiplication; also, the rule by which the operation is

8. (Logic) The separation of a genus into its constituent

9. (Mil.)
(a) Two or more brigades under the command of a general
(b) Two companies of infantry maneuvering as one
subdivision of a battalion.
(c) One of the larger districts into which a country is
divided for administering military affairs.

10. (Naut.) One of the groups into which a fleet is divided.

11. (Mus.) A course of notes so running into each other as to
form one series or chain, to be sung in one breath to one

12. (Rhet.) The distribution of a discourse into parts; a
part so distinguished.

13. (Biol.) A grade or rank in classification; a portion of a
tribe or of a class; or, in some recent authorities,
equivalent to a subkingdom.

{Cell division} (Biol.), a method of cell increase, in which
new cells are formed by the division of the parent cell.
In this process, the cell nucleus undergoes peculiar
differentiations and changes, as shown in the figure (see
also {Karyokinesis}). At the same time the protoplasm of
the cell becomes gradually constricted by a furrow
transverse to the long axis of the nuclear spindle,
followed, on the completion of the division of the
nucleus, by a separation of the cell contents into two
masses, called the daughter cells.

{Long division} (Math.), the process of division when the
operations are mostly written down.

{Short division} (Math.), the process of division when the
operations are mentally performed and only the results
written down; -- used principally when the divisor is not
greater than ten or twelve.

Syn: compartment; section; share; allotment; distribution;
separation; partition; disjunction; disconnection;
difference; variance; discord; disunion.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Compound \Com"pound\, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See
{Compound}, v. t.]
Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts;
produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or
things; composite; as, a compound word.

Compound substances are made up of two or more simple
substances. --I. Watts.

{Compound addition}, {subtraction}, {multiplication},
{division} (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of
compound numbers.

{Compound crystal} (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one
seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined
according to regular laws of composition.

{Compound engine} (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which
the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder
is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure
cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders,

{Compound ether}. (Chem.) See under {Ether}.

{Compound flower} (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single
flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in
a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or

{Compound fraction}. (Math.) See {Fraction}.

{Compound fracture}. See {Fracture}.

{Compound householder}, a householder who compounds or
arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be
included in his rents. [Eng.]

{Compound interest}. See {Interest}.

{Compound larceny}. (Law) See {Larceny}.

{Compound leaf} (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate
blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.

{Compound microscope}. See {Microscope}.

{Compound motion}. See {Motion}.

{Compound number} (Math.), one constructed according to a
varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.;
-- called also {denominate number}.

{Compound pier} (Arch.), a clustered column.

{Compound quantity} (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or
more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign +
(plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are
compound quantities.

{Compound radical}. (Chem.) See {Radical}.

{Compound ratio} (Math.), the product of two or more ratios;
thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c
and b:d.

{Compound rest} (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine

{Compound screw} (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two
or more screws with different pitch (a differential
screw), or running in different directions (a right and
left screw).

{Compound time} (Mus.), that in which two or more simple
measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining
of two measures of 3-8 time.

{Compound word}, a word composed of two or more words;
specifically, two or more words joined together by a

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: an army unit large enough to sustain combat; "two infantry
divisions were held in reserve"
2: one of the portions into which something is regarded as
divided and which together constitute a whole: "the
written part of the exam"; "the finance section of the
company"; "the BBC's engineering division" [syn: {part}, {section}]
3: the act or process of dividing
4: an administrative unit in government or business
5: an arithmetic operation that is the inverse of
multiplication; the quotient of two numbers is computed
6: discord that splits a group [syn: {variance}]
7: a league ranked by quality; "he played baseball in class D
for two years"; "Princeton is in the NCAA Division 1-AA"
[syn: {class}]
8: (biology) a group of organisms forming a subdivision of a
larger category
9: (botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum
10: a unit of the United States air force usually comprising two
or more wings
11: a group of ships of similar type
12: the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the
creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart [syn:
{partition}, {partitioning}, {segmentation}, {sectionalization},

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