Hypertext Webster Gateway: "deputy"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

in 1 Kings 22:47, means a prefect; one set over others. The same
Hebrew word is rendered "officer;" i.e., chief of the
commissariat appointed by Solomon (1 Kings 4:5, etc.).

In Esther 8:9; 9:3 (R.V., "governor") it denotes a Persian
prefect "on this side" i.e., in the region west of the
Euphrates. It is the modern word _pasha_.

In Acts 13:7, 8, 12; 18:12, it denotes a proconsul; i.e., the
governor of a Roman province holding his appointment from the
senate. The Roman provinces were of two kinds, (1) senatorial
and (2) imperial. The appointment of a governor to the former
was in the hands of the senate, and he bore the title of
proconsul (Gr. anthupatos). The appointment of a governor to the
latter was in the hands of the emperor, and he bore the title of
propraetor (Gr. antistrategos).

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Deputy \Dep"u*ty\, n.; pl. {Deputies}. [F. d['e]put['e], fr. LL.
deputatus. See {Depute}.]
1. One appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered
to act for him, in his name or his behalf; a substitute in
office; a lieutenant; a representative; a delegate; a
vicegerent; as, the deputy of a prince, of a sheriff, of a
township, etc.

There was then [in the days of Jehoshaphat] no king
in Edom; a deputy was king. --1 Kings
xxii. 47.

God's substitute, His deputy anointed in His sight.

Note: Deputy is used in combination with the names of various
executive officers, to denote an assistant empowered to
act in their name; as, deputy collector, deputy
marshal, deputy sheriff.

2. A member of the Chamber of Deputies. [France]

{Chamber of Deputies}, one of the two branches of the French
legislative assembly; -- formerly called {Corps
L['e]gislatif}. Its members, called deputies, are elected
by the people voting in districts.

Syn: Substitute; representative; legate; delegate; envoy;
agent; factor.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj : acting as substitute for another [syn: {deputy(a)}, {proxy(a)}]
n 1: someone authorized to exercise the powers of sheriff in
emergencies [syn: {deputy sheriff}]
2: an assistant with power to act when his superior is absent
[syn: {lieutenant}]
3: a member of the lower chamber of a legislative assembly
(such as in France)
4: a person appointed to represent or act on behalf of others
[syn: {surrogate}]

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