Hypertext Webster Gateway: "control"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Control \Con*trol"\, n.
1. (Mach.) The complete apparatus used to control a mechanism
or machine in operation, as a flying machine in flight;
specifically (A["e]ronautics), the mechanism controlling
the rudders and ailerons.

2. (Climatology) Any of the physical factors determining the
climate of any particular place, as latitude,distribution
of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds,
permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean
currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Cascade system \Cascade system\ (Elec.)
A system or method of connecting and operating two induction
motors so that the primary circuit of one is connected to the
secondary circuit of the other, the primary circuit of the
latter being connected to the source of supply; also, a
system of electric traction in which motors so connected are
employed. The cascade system is also called

{tandem, or concatenated}, {system}; the connection a

{cascade, tandem, or concatenated}, {connection}, or

{a concatenation}; and the control of the motors so obtained

{tandem, or concatenation}, {control}.

Note: In the cascade system of traction the cascade
connection is used for starting and for low speeds up
to half speed. For full speed the short-circuited motor
is cut loose from the other motor and is either left
idle or (commonly) connected direct to the line.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Control \Con*trol"\, n. [F. contr[^o]le a counter register,
contr. fr. contr-r[^o]le; contre (L. contra) + r[^o]le roll,
catalogue. See {Counter} and {Roll}, and cf. {Counterroll}.]
1. A duplicate book, register, or account, kept to correct or
check another account or register; a counter register.
[Obs.] --Johnson.

2. That which serves to check, restrain, or hinder;
restraint. ``Speak without control.'' --Dryden.

3. Power or authority to check or restrain; restraining or
regulating influence; superintendence; government; as,
children should be under parental control.

The House of Commons should exercise a control over
all the departments of the executive administration.

{Board of control}. See under {Board}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Control \Con*trol"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Controlled}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Controlling}.] [F. contr[^o]ler, fr. contr[^o]le.]
[Formerly written {comptrol} and {controul}.]
1. To check by a counter register or duplicate account; to
prove by counter statements; to confute. [Obs.]

This report was controlled to be false. --Fuller.

2. To exercise restraining or governing influence over; to
check; to counteract; to restrain; to regulate; to govern;
to overpower.

Give me a staff of honor for mine age, But not a
scepter to control the world. --Shak.

I feel my virtue struggling in my soul: But stronger
passion does its power control. --Dryden.

Syn: To restrain; rule; govern; manage; guide; regulate;
hinder; direct; check; curb; counteract; subdue.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: power to direct or determine: "under control"
2: a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or
group) by another; "measures for the control of disease";
"they instituted controls over drinking on campus"
3: (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or
action or reflex etc; "the timing and control of his
movements were unimpaired"; "he had lost control of his
4: a standard against which other conditions can be compared in
a scientific experiment; "the control condition was
inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw" [syn:
{control condition}]
5: the activity of managing or exerting control over something;
"the control of the mob by the police was admirable"
6: the state that exists when one person or group has power
over another; "her apparent dominance of her husband was
really her attempt to make him pay attention to her" [syn:
{dominance}, {ascendance}, {ascendence}, {ascendancy}, {ascendency}]
7: discipline in personal and social activities; "he was a
model of polite restraint"; "she never lost control of
herself" [syn: {restraint}] [ant: {unrestraint}]
8: great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or
activity; "a good command of French" [syn: {command}, {mastery}]
9: the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing
prices or wages etc.; "they wanted to repeal all the
legislation that imposed economic controls"
10: a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; "the
speed control on his turntable was not working properly";
"I turned the controls over to her" [syn: {controller}]
11: a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium
during a seance
v 1: exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the
budget"; "Command the military forces" [syn: {command}]
2: lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or
keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake" "hold
your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
[syn: {hold in}, {hold}, {contain}, {check}, {curb}, {moderate}]
3: handle and cause to function; "do not operate machinery
after imbibing alcohol"; "control the lever" [syn: {operate}]
4: control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually
to one's advantage; "She manipulates her boss"; "She is a
very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow
up"; "The teacher knew how to keep the class in line";
"she keeps in line" [syn: {manipulate}, {keep in line}]
5: verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or
comparing with another standard, of scientific
experiments: "Are you controlling for the temperature?"
[syn: {verify}]
6: verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;
"control an account"
7: be careful or certain to do something; make certain of
something; "He verified that the valves were closed"; "See
that the curtains are closed"; "control the quality of the
product" [syn: {see}, {check}, {insure}, {see to it}, {ensure},
{ascertain}, {assure}]
8: have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; "Do
you control these data?" [syn: {master}]

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