Hypertext Webster Gateway: "civil"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Civil \Civ"il\, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil.
See {City}.]
1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his
relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within
the city or state.

2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not
barbarous; -- said of the community.

England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but
even the other day since England grew civil.

3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to
government; -- said of an individual.

Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others;
they come within a step or two of heaven. --Preston

4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed
to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous;
complaisant; affable.

Note: ``A civil man now is one observant of slight external
courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and
man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the
duties and obligations flowing from his position as a
'civis' and his relations to the other members of that
'civitas.''' --Trench

5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from
military, ecclesiastical, or official state.

6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit
distinct from criminal proceedings.

{Civil action}, an action to enforce the rights or redress
the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal

{Civil architecture}, the architecture which is employed in
constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in
distinction from military and naval architecture, as
private houses, palaces, churches, etc.

{Civil death}. (Law.) See under {Death}.

{Civil engineering}. See under {Engineering}.

{Civil law}. See under {Law}.

{Civil list}. See under {List}.

{Civil remedy} (Law), that given to a person injured, by
action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.

{Civil service}, all service rendered to and paid for by the
state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or
military affairs.

{Civil service reform}, the substitution of business
principles and methods for the spoils system in the
conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of
appointments to office.

{Civil state}, the whole body of the laity or citizens not
included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical

{Civil suit}. Same as {Civil action}.

{Civil war}. See under {War}.

{Civil year}. See under {Year}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: applying to ordinary citizens; "civil law"; "civil
2: not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal)
adherence to social usages and sufficient but not
noteworthy consideration for others; "even if he didn't
like them he should have been civil"- W.S. Maugham [syn: {polite}]
[ant: {uncivil}]
3: of or occurring within the state or between or among
citizens of the state; "civil affairs"; "civil strife";
"civil disobediece"; "civil branches of government"
4: of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals;
"civil rights"; "civil liberty"; "civic duties"; "civic
pride" [syn: {civic}]
5: (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary
affairs of life; "the civil calendar"; "a civil day begins
at mean midnight" [ant: {sidereal}]
6: of or in a condition of social order; "civil peoples"

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