Hypertext Webster Gateway: "bottom"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\ (b[o^]t"t[u^]m), n. [OE. botum, botme, AS.
botm; akin to OS. bodom, D. bodem, OHG. podam, G. boden,
Icel. botn, Sw. botten, Dan. bund (for budn), L. fundus (for
fudnus), Gr. pyqmh`n (for fyqmh`n), Skr. budhna (for
bhudhna), and Ir. bonn sole of the foot, W. bon stem, base.
[root]257. Cf. 4th {Found}, {Fund}, n.]
1. The lowest part of anything; the foot; as, the bottom of a
tree or well; the bottom of a hill, a lane, or a page.

Or dive into the bottom of the deep. --Shak.

2. The part of anything which is beneath the contents and
supports them, as the part of a chair on which a person
sits, the circular base or lower head of a cask or tub, or
the plank floor of a ship's hold; the under surface.

Barrels with the bottom knocked out. --Macaulay.

No two chairs were alike; such high backs and low
backs and leather bottoms and worsted bottoms. --W.

3. That upon which anything rests or is founded, in a literal
or a figurative sense; foundation; groundwork.

4. The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, sea.

5. The fundament; the buttocks.

6. An abyss. [Obs.] --Dryden.

7. Low land formed by alluvial deposits along a river;
low-lying ground; a dale; a valley. ``The bottoms and the
high grounds.'' --Stoddard.

8. (Naut.) The part of a ship which is ordinarily under
water; hence, the vessel itself; a ship.

My ventures are not in one bottom trusted. --Shak.

Not to sell the teas, but to return them to London
in the same bottoms in which they were shipped.

{Full bottom}, a hull of such shape as permits carrying a
large amount of merchandise.

9. Power of endurance; as, a horse of a good bottom.

10. Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment. --Johnson.

{At bottom}, {At the bottom}, at the foundation or basis; in
reality. ``He was at the bottom a good man.'' --J. F.

{To be at the bottom of}, to be the cause or originator of;
to be the source of. [Usually in an opprobrious sense.]
--J. H. Newman.

He was at the bottom of many excellent counsels.

{To go to the bottom}, to sink; esp. to be wrecked.

{To touch bottom}, to reach the lowest point; to find
something on which to rest.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, n. [OE. botme, perh. corrupt. for button. See
A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon. [Obs.]

Silkworms finish their bottoms in . . . fifteen days.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, v. t.
To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread.

As you unwind her love from him, Lest it should ravel
and be good to none, You must provide to bottom it on
me. --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, a.
Of or pertaining to the bottom; fundamental; lowest; under;
as, bottom rock; the bottom board of a wagon box; bottom

{Bottom glade}, a low glade or open place; a valley; a dale.

{Bottom grass}, grass growing on bottom lands.

{Bottom land}. See 1st {Bottom}, n., 7.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bottomed} (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. {Bottoming}.]
1. To found or build upon; to fix upon as a support; --
followed by on or upon.

Action is supposed to be bottomed upon principle.

Those false and deceiving grounds upon which many
bottom their eternal state]. --South.

2. To furnish with a bottom; as, to bottom a chair.

3. To reach or get to the bottom of. --Smiles.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, v. i.
1. To rest, as upon an ultimate support; to be based or
grounded; -- usually with on or upon.

Find on what foundation any proposition bottoms.

2. To reach or impinge against the bottom, so as to impede
free action, as when the point of a cog strikes the bottom
of a space between two other cogs, or a piston the end of
a cylinder.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: situated at the bottom or lowest position; "the bottom
drawer" [syn: {bottom(a)}] [ant: {side(a)}, {top(a)}]
2: at the bottom; lowest or last; "the bottom price" [syn: {lowest}]
3: the lowest rank; "bottom member of the class" [syn: {poorest}]
n 1: the lower side of anything [syn: {underside}, {undersurface}]
2: the lowest part of anything; "they started at the bottom of
the hill"
3: the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on [syn: {buttocks},
{nates}, {arse}, {butt}, {backside}, {bum}, {buns}, {can},
{fundament}, {hindquarters}, {hind end}, {keister}, {posterior},
{prat}, {rear}, {rear end}, {rump}, {stern}, {seat}, {tail},
{tail end}, {tooshie}, {tush}, {behind}, {derriere}, {fanny},
4: the second half of an inning; while the home team is at bat
[syn: {bottom of the inning}] [ant: {top}]
5: a depression forming the ground under a body of water; "he
searched for treasure on the ocean bed" [syn: {bed}]
6: low-lying alluvial land near a river [syn: {bottomland}]
7: a cargo ship; "they did much of their overseas trade in
foreign bottoms" [syn: {freighter}, {merchantman}, {merchant
v 1: provide with a bottom or a seat, as of chairs
2: strike the ground, as with a ship's bottom
3: come to understand [syn: {penetrate}, {fathom}]

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