Hypertext Webster Gateway: "bottom"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\ (b[o^]t"t[u^]m), n. [OE. botum, botme, AS.
botm; akin to OS. bodom, D. bodem, OHG. podam, G. boden,
Icel. botn, Sw. botten, Dan. bund (for budn), L. fundus (for
fudnus), Gr. pyqmh`n (for fyqmh`n), Skr. budhna (for
bhudhna), and Ir. bonn sole of the foot, W. bon stem, base.
[root]257. Cf. 4th {Found}, {Fund}, n.]
1. The lowest part of anything; the foot; as, the bottom of a
tree or well; the bottom of a hill, a lane, or a page.

Or dive into the bottom of the deep. --Shak.

2. The part of anything which is beneath the contents and
supports them, as the part of a chair on which a person
sits, the circular base or lower head of a cask or tub, or
the plank floor of a ship's hold; the under surface.

Barrels with the bottom knocked out. --Macaulay.

No two chairs were alike; such high backs and low
backs and leather bottoms and worsted bottoms. --W.
Irving.

3. That upon which anything rests or is founded, in a literal
or a figurative sense; foundation; groundwork.

4. The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, sea.

5. The fundament; the buttocks.

6. An abyss. [Obs.] --Dryden.

7. Low land formed by alluvial deposits along a river;
low-lying ground; a dale; a valley. ``The bottoms and the
high grounds.'' --Stoddard.

8. (Naut.) The part of a ship which is ordinarily under
water; hence, the vessel itself; a ship.

My ventures are not in one bottom trusted. --Shak.

Not to sell the teas, but to return them to London
in the same bottoms in which they were shipped.
--Bancroft.

{Full bottom}, a hull of such shape as permits carrying a
large amount of merchandise.

9. Power of endurance; as, a horse of a good bottom.

10. Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment. --Johnson.

{At bottom}, {At the bottom}, at the foundation or basis; in
reality. ``He was at the bottom a good man.'' --J. F.
Cooper.

{To be at the bottom of}, to be the cause or originator of;
to be the source of. [Usually in an opprobrious sense.]
--J. H. Newman.

He was at the bottom of many excellent counsels.
--Addison.

{To go to the bottom}, to sink; esp. to be wrecked.

{To touch bottom}, to reach the lowest point; to find
something on which to rest.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, n. [OE. botme, perh. corrupt. for button. See
{Button}.]
A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon. [Obs.]

Silkworms finish their bottoms in . . . fifteen days.
--Mortimer.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, v. t.
To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread.
[Obs.]

As you unwind her love from him, Lest it should ravel
and be good to none, You must provide to bottom it on
me. --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, a.
Of or pertaining to the bottom; fundamental; lowest; under;
as, bottom rock; the bottom board of a wagon box; bottom
prices.

{Bottom glade}, a low glade or open place; a valley; a dale.
--Milton.

{Bottom grass}, grass growing on bottom lands.

{Bottom land}. See 1st {Bottom}, n., 7.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bottomed} (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. {Bottoming}.]
1. To found or build upon; to fix upon as a support; --
followed by on or upon.

Action is supposed to be bottomed upon principle.
--Atterbury.

Those false and deceiving grounds upon which many
bottom their eternal state]. --South.

2. To furnish with a bottom; as, to bottom a chair.

3. To reach or get to the bottom of. --Smiles.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Bottom \Bot"tom\, v. i.
1. To rest, as upon an ultimate support; to be based or
grounded; -- usually with on or upon.

Find on what foundation any proposition bottoms.
--Locke.

2. To reach or impinge against the bottom, so as to impede
free action, as when the point of a cog strikes the bottom
of a space between two other cogs, or a piston the end of
a cylinder.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

bottom
adj 1: situated at the bottom or lowest position; "the bottom
drawer" [syn: {bottom(a)}] [ant: {side(a)}, {top(a)}]
2: at the bottom; lowest or last; "the bottom price" [syn: {lowest}]
3: the lowest rank; "bottom member of the class" [syn: {poorest}]
n 1: the lower side of anything [syn: {underside}, {undersurface}]
2: the lowest part of anything; "they started at the bottom of
the hill"
3: the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on [syn: {buttocks},
{nates}, {arse}, {butt}, {backside}, {bum}, {buns}, {can},
{fundament}, {hindquarters}, {hind end}, {keister}, {posterior},
{prat}, {rear}, {rear end}, {rump}, {stern}, {seat}, {tail},
{tail end}, {tooshie}, {tush}, {behind}, {derriere}, {fanny},
{ass}]
4: the second half of an inning; while the home team is at bat
[syn: {bottom of the inning}] [ant: {top}]
5: a depression forming the ground under a body of water; "he
searched for treasure on the ocean bed" [syn: {bed}]
6: low-lying alluvial land near a river [syn: {bottomland}]
7: a cargo ship; "they did much of their overseas trade in
foreign bottoms" [syn: {freighter}, {merchantman}, {merchant
ship}]
v 1: provide with a bottom or a seat, as of chairs
2: strike the ground, as with a ship's bottom
3: come to understand [syn: {penetrate}, {fathom}]


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