Hypertext Webster Gateway: "argument"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Argument \Ar"gu*ment\, n. [F. argument, L. argumentum, fr.
arguere to argue.]
1. Proof; evidence. [Obs.]

There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument
of the existence of a Deity. --Ray.

Why, then, is it made a badge of wit and an argument
of parts for a man to commence atheist, and to cast
off all belief of providence, all awe and reverence
for religion? --South.

2. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or
convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an
argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition,
for or in favor of it, or against it.

3. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of
rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.

The argument is about things, but names. --Locke.

4. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic
representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or
summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.

You and love are still my argument. --Shak.

The abstract or argument of the piece. --Jeffrey.

[Shields] with boastful argument portrayed.

5. Matter for question; business in hand. [Obs.]

Sheathed their swords for lack of argument. --Shak.

6. (Astron.) The quantity on which another quantity in a
table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the

7. (Math.) The independent variable upon whose value that of
a function depends. --Brande & C.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Argument \Ar"gu*ment\ ([a^]r"g[-u]*ment), v. i. [L.
To make an argument; to argue. [Obs.] --Gower.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is
true; "it was a strong argument that his hypothesis was
true" [syn: {statement}]
2: a dispute where there is strong disagreement; "they were
involved in a violent argument" [syn: {controversy}, {contention},
{contestation}, {tilt}, {arguing}]
3: a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against
some proposition or proposal; "the argument over foreign
aid goes on and on" [syn: {debate}]
4: a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play
or movie; "the editor added the argument to the poem"
[syn: {literary argument}]
5: a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose
value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is
the independent variable [syn: {independent variable}]

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