Hypertext Webster Gateway: "Israel"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

the name conferred on Jacob after the great prayer-struggle at
Peniel (Gen. 32:28), because "as a prince he had power with God
and prevailed." (See {JACOB}.) This is the common name
given to Jacob's descendants. The whole people of the twelve
tribes are called "Israelites," the "children of Israel" (Josh.
3:17; 7:25; Judg. 8:27; Jer. 3:21), and the "house of Israel"
(Ex. 16:31; 40:38).

This name Israel is sometimes used emphatically for the true
Israel (Ps. 73:1: Isa. 45:17; 49:3; John 1:47; Rom. 9:6; 11:26).

After the death of Saul the ten tribes arrogated to themselves
this name, as if they were the whole nation (2 Sam. 2:9, 10, 17,
28; 3:10, 17; 19:40-43), and the kings of the ten tribes were
called "kings of Israel," while the kings of the two tribes were
called "kings of Judah."

After the Exile the name Israel was assumed as designating the
entire nation.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Jacob \Ja"cob\, n. [Cf. F. Jacob. See 2d {Jack}.]
A Hebrew patriarch (son of Isaac, and ancestor of the Jews),
who in a vision saw a ladder reaching up to heaven (--Gen.
xxviii. 12); -- also called {Israel}.

And Jacob said . . . with my staff I passed over this
Jordan, and now I am become two bands. --Gen. xxxii.
9, 10.

Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel.
--Gen. xxxii.

{Jacob's ladder}.
(a) (Bot.) A perennial herb of the genus {Polemonium} ({P.
c[oe]ruleum), having corymbs of drooping flowers, usually
blue. Gray}.
(b) (Naut.) A rope ladder, with wooden steps, for going
aloft. --R. H. Dana, Jr.
(c) (Naut.) A succession of short cracks in a defective spar.

{Jacob's membrane}. See {Retina}.

{Jacob's staff}.
(a) A name given to many forms of staff or weapon, especially
in the Middle Ages; a pilgrim's staff. [Obs.] --Spenser.
(b) (Surveying) See under {Staff}.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

n 1: Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of
Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine [syn: {Israel},
{State of Israel}, {Yisrael}, {Zion}, {Sion}]
2: an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern
end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025
BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC [syn: {Israel}]

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