Hypertext Webster Gateway: "Arch"

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary (easton)

an architectural term found only in Ezek. 40:16, 21, 22, 26, 29.
There is no absolute proof that the Israelites employed arches
in their buildings. The arch was employed in the building of the
pyramids of Egypt. The oldest existing arch is at Thebes, and
bears the date B.C. 1350. There are also still found the remains
of an arch, known as Robinson's Arch, of the bridge connecting
Zion and Moriah. (See TYROPOEON {VALLEY}.)

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Arch \Arch\, n. [F. arche, fr. LL. arca, for arcus. See {Arc}.]
1. (Geom.) Any part of a curved line.

2. (Arch.)
(a) Usually a curved member made up of separate
wedge-shaped solids, with the joints between them
disposed in the direction of the radii of the curve;
used to support the wall or other weight above an
opening. In this sense arches are segmental, round (i.
e., semicircular), or pointed.
(b) A flat arch is a member constructed of stones cut into
wedges or other shapes so as to support each other
without rising in a curve.

Note: Scientifically considered, the arch is a means of
spanning an opening by resolving vertical pressure into
horizontal or diagonal thrust.

3. Any place covered by an arch; an archway; as, to pass into
the arch of a bridge.

4. Any curvature in the form of an arch; as, the arch of the
aorta. ``Colors of the showery arch.'' --Milton.

{Triumphal arch}, a monumental structure resembling an arched
gateway, with one or more passages, erected to commemorate
a triumph.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Arch \Arch\, n. [See {Arch-}, pref.]
A chief. [Obs.]

My worthy arch and patron comes to-night. --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

-arch \-arch\ [Gr. 'archo`s chief, commander, 'a`rchein to rule.
See {Arch}, a.]
A suffix meaning a ruler, as in monarch (a sole ruler).

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Arch \Arch\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Arched}; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To cover with an arch or arches.

2. To form or bend into the shape of an arch.

The horse arched his neck. --Charlesworth.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Arch \Arch\, v. i.
To form into an arch; to curve.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Arch- \Arch-\ (["a]rch-, except in archangel and one or two
other words). [L. arch-, Gr. ?. See {Arch-}.]
A prefix signifying chief, as in archbuilder, archfiend.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Arch \Arch\ (["a]rch), a. [See {Arch-}, pref.]
1. Chief; eminent; greatest; principal.

The most arch act of piteous massacre. --Shak.

2. Cunning or sly; sportively mischievous; roguish; as, an
arch look, word, lad.

[He] spoke his request with so arch a leer.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

adj 1: (of persons) highest in rank or authority or office; "his
arch rival"; "the boss man"; "the chief executive";
"head librarian"; "top administrators" [syn: {arch(a)},
{boss(a)}, {chief(a)}, {head(a)}, {top(a)}]
2: (used of behavior or attitude) characteristic of those who
treat others with condescension [syn: {condescending}, {patronizing},
3: expert in skulduggery; "an arch criminal" [syn: {arch(a)}]
n 1: a curved shape in the vertical plane that spans an opening
2: a curved bony structure supporting or enclosing organs
(especially arches of the feet)
3: a passageway under an arch [syn: {archway}]
4: (architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for
spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it
v : form an arch [syn: {curve}, {arc}]

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