Hypertext Webster Gateway: "ought"

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Ought \Ought\ ([add]t), n. & adv.
See {Aught}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Ought \Ought\, imp., p. p., or auxiliary. [Orig. the preterit of
the verb to owe. OE. oughte, aughte, ahte, AS. [=a]hte.
[root]110. See {Owe}.]
1. Was or were under obligation to pay; owed. [Obs.]

This due obedience which they ought to the king.

The love and duty I long have ought you. --Spelman.

[He] said . . . you ought him a thousand pound.

2. Owned; possessed. [Obs.]

The knight the which that castle ought. --Spenser.

3. To be bound in duty or by moral obligation.

We then that are strong ought to bear the
infirmities of the weak. --Rom. xv. 1.

4. To be necessary, fit, becoming, or expedient; to behoove;
-- in this sense formerly sometimes used impersonally or
without a subject expressed. ``Well ought us work.''

To speak of this as it ought, would ask a volume.

Ought not Christ to have suffered these things?
--Luke xxiv.

Note: Ought is now chiefly employed as an auxiliary verb,
expressing fitness, expediency, propriety, moral
obligation, or the like, in the action or state
indicated by the principal verb.

Syn: {Ought}, {Should}.

Usage: Both words imply obligation, but ought is the
stronger. Should may imply merely an obligation of
propriety, expendiency, etc.; ought denotes an
obligation of duty.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Owe \Owe\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Owed}, ({Ought}obs.); p. pr. &
vb. n. {Owing}.] [OE. owen, awen,aghen, to have, own, have
(to do), hence, owe, AS. [=a]gan to have; akin to G. eigen,
a., own, Icel. eiga to have, Dan. eie, Sw. ["a]ga, Goth.
['a]igan, Skr. ?. ????. Cf. {Ought}, v., 2d {Own},
1. To possess; to have, as the rightful owner; to own. [Obs.]

Thou dost here usurp The name thou ow'st not.

2. To have or possess, as something derived or bestowed; to
be obliged to ascribe (something to some source); to be
indebted or obliged for; as, he owed his wealth to his
father; he owed his victory to his lieutenants. --Milton.

O deem thy fall not owed to man's decree. --Pope.

3. Hence: To have or be under an obigation to restore, pay,
or render (something) in return or compensation for
something received; to be indebted in the sum of; as, the
subject owes allegiance; the fortunate owe assistance to
the unfortunate.

The one ought five hundred pence, and the other
fifty. --Bible

A son owes help and honor to his father. --Holyday.

Note: Owe was sometimes followed by an objective clause
introduced by the infinitive. ``Ye owen to incline and
bow your heart.'' --Chaucer.

4. To have an obligation to (some one) on account of
something done or received; to be indebted to; as, to iwe
the grocer for supplies, or a laborer for services.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (web1913)

Aught \Aught\, n. [OE. aught, ought, awiht, AS. [=a]wiht, [=a]
ever + wiht. [root]136. See {Aye} ever, and {Whit}, {Wight}.]
Anything; any part. [Also written {ought}.]

There failed not aught of any good thing which the Lord
has spoken. --Josh. xxi.

But go, my son, and see if aught be wanting. --Addison.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)

v 1: expresses an emotional, practical, or other reason for doing
something: "You had better put on warm clothes"; "You
should call your mother-in-law"; "The State ought to
repair the bridges" [syn: {should}, {had better}]
2: be logically necessary [syn: {should}, {must}, {need}]

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